Spanish language in the United States. Spanish language distribution in the United States by county. The Spanish language is the second most spoken language in the United States of America. There are 4. 5 million Hispanophones who speak Spanish as a first or second language in the United States. Spanish is the Romance language and the Indo- European language with the largest number of native speakers in the world. According to the 2. American Community Survey conducted by the U.
S. Census Bureau, Spanish is the primary language spoken at home by 3. The Spanish explorers explored areas of 4. U. S. Additionally, western regions of the Louisiana Territory were under Spanish rule between 1. French and Indian War, further extending the Spanish influence throughout the modern- day United States of America.
After the incorporation of these states to the United States in the first half of the 1. Spanish language was later reinforced in the country by the acquisition of Puerto Rico in 1.
Later waves of emigration from Mexico, Cuba, El Salvador and elsewhere in Hispanic America to the United States beginning in the second half of the 1. Spanish language in the country.
Today, Hispanics are one of the fastest growing demographics in the United States, thus increasing the use and importance of American Spanish in the United States. History. Spanish arrived in the territory of the modern United States with Ponce de Le. In 1. 56. 5, the Spaniards founded St. Augustine, Florida, and as of the early 1.
European settlement in the continental United States. The oldest city in all of the U. S. When Louisiana was sold to the United States, its Spanish and Cajun French inhabitants became U. S. Spanish was the first European language spoken in Florida. In 1. 82. 1. A large influx of Americans soon followed, originally with the approval of Mexico's president. In 1. 83. 6, the now largely . In 1. 84. 6, the Republic dissolved when Texas entered the United States of America as a state.
Most of New Mexico, western Texas, southern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, and the Oklahoma panhandle were part of the territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo M. The geographical isolation and unique political history of this territory led to New Mexican Spanish differing notably from both Spanish spoken in other parts of the United States of America and Spanish spoken in the present- day United Mexican States. Mexico lost almost half of the northern territory gained from Spain in 1.
United States in the Mexican. This included parts of contemporary Texas, and Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Wyoming, California, Nevada, and Utah. Although the lost territory was sparsely populated, the thousands of Spanish- speaking Mexicans subsequently became U. S. The war- ending Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1. Through the force of sheer numbers, the English- speaking American settlers entering the Southwest established their language, culture, and law as dominant, to the extent it fully displaced Spanish in the public sphere; this is why the United States never developed bilingualism as Canada did. For example, the first California constitutional convention in 1.
Californio participants; the resulting state constitution was produced in English and Spanish, and it contained a clause requiring all published laws and regulations to be published in both languages. In 1. 90. 2, Cuba became independent from the United States, while Puerto Rico remained a U. S. The American government required government services to be bilingual in Spanish and English, and attempted to introduce English- medium education to Puerto Rico, but the latter effort was unsuccessful. Once Puerto Rico was granted autonomy in 1. Puerto Rico were forced to learn Spanish. Only 2. 0% of Puerto Rico's residents understand English, and although the island's government had a policy of official bilingualism, it was repealed in favor of a Spanish- only policy in 1.
This policy was reversed in 1. They form majorities and large minorities in many political districts, especially in California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, the American states bordering Mexico, and also in South Florida. Mexicans first moved to the United States as refugees in the turmoil of the Mexican Revolution from 1.
The large majority of Mexicans are in the former Mexican- controlled areas in the Southwest. At over 5 million, Puerto Ricans are easily the 2nd largest Hispanic group.
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Of all major Hispanic groups, Puerto Ricans are the least likely to be proficient in Spanish, but millions of Puerto Rican Americans living in the U. S. Puerto Ricans are natural- born U.
- There are 45 million Hispanophones who speak Spanish as a first or second language in the United States. American Academy of the Spanish Language).
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S. In Hawaii, where Puerto Rican farm laborers and Mexican ranchers have settled since the late 1. Hispanic or Hispanophone or both. The Cuban Revolution of 1. Cuban exiles who opposed the Communist revolution, many of whom left for the United States.
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Most of these one million Cuban Americans settled in southern and central Florida, while other Cubans live in the Northeastern United States; most are fluent in Spanish. In the city of Miami today Spanish is the first language mostly due to Cuban immigration. Likewise, the Nicaraguan Revolution promoted a migration of Contras who were opposed to the socialist government in Nicaragua, to the United States in the late 1. The largest immigration wave occurred as a result of the Salvadoran Civil War in the 1. El Salvador's population emigrated. About 5. 0 percent, or up to 5. United States, which was already home to over 1.
Salvadorans, making Salvadoran Americans the fourth- largest Hispanic and Latino American group, after the Mexican- American majority, stateside Puerto Ricans, and Cubans. As civil wars engulfed several Central American countries in the 1. Salvadorans fled their country and came to the United States. Between 1. 98. 0 and 1. Salvadoran immigrant population in the United States increased nearly fivefold from 9.
The number of Salvadoran immigrants in the United States continued to grow in the 1. El Salvador, including earthquakes and hurricanes.
By 2. 00. 8, there were about 1. Salvadoran immigrants in the United States.
Until the 2. 0th century, there was no clear record of the number of Venezuelans who emigrated to the United States. Between the 1. 8th and early 1. European immigrants who went to Venezuela, only to later migrate to the United States along with their children and grandchildren who were born and/or grew up in Venezuela speaking Spanish. From 1. 91. 0 to 1. South Americans each year emigrated to the United States; however, there are few specific figures indicating these statistics. Many Venezuelans settled in the United States with hopes of receiving a better education, only to remain there following graduation.
They are frequently joined by relatives. However, since the early 1. Venezuelan emigration have changed to include hopes of earning a higher salary and due to the economic fluctuations in Venezuela which also promoted an important migration of Venezuelan professionals to the US. The majority of Spaniards settled in Florida, Texas, California, New Jersey, New York City, Chicago, and Puerto Rico.
Geographic distribution. Virtually all state and federal government agencies and large corporations use English as their internal working language, especially at the management level. Some states, such as New Mexico, provide bilingual legislated notices and official documents, in Spanish and English, and other commonly used languages. By 2. 01. 5, there was a trend that most Americans and American residents who are of Hispanic descent speak only English in the home. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, where Spanish is the official and most commonly used language.
Throughout the history of the Southwest United States, the controversial issues of language as part of cultural rights and bilingual state government representation has caused socio- cultural friction between Anglophones and Hispanophones. Currently, Spanish is the most widely taught second language in the United States. In 1. 98. 6, California voters added a new constitutional clause, by referendum, stating that: English is the official language of the State of California. Spanish remains widely spoken throughout the state, and many government forms, documents, and services are bilingual, in English and Spanish.
And although all official proceedings are to be conducted in English: A person unable to understand English who is charged with a crime has a right to an interpreter throughout the proceedings. The state outside the Gadsden Purchase of 1. New Mexico Territory until 1. Arizona Territory.
The area of the former Gadsden Purchase contained a majority of Spanish- speakers until the 1. Tucson area had a higher ratio of anglophones (including Mexican Americans who were fluent in English); the continuous arrival of Mexican settlers increases the number of Spanish- speakers. New Mexico. New Mexico's laws are promulgated bilingually in Spanish and English. Although English is the state government's paper working language, government business is often conducted in Spanish, particularly at the local level.
Spanish has been spoken in the New Mexico- Colorado border and the contemporary U. S. New Mexican Spanish also contains loan words from the Pueblo languages of the upper Rio Grande Valley, Mexican- Spanish words (mexicanismos), and borrowings from English. However, the continual influx of Spanish- speaking immigrants increased the import of Spanish in Texas. Although it is a part of the Southern United States, Texas's counties bordering Mexico are mostly Hispanic, and consequently, Spanish is commonly spoken in the region.
The Government of Texas, through Section 2. Government Code, mandates that state agencies provide information on their websites in Spanish to assist residents who have limited English proficiency.
Spanglish is the name for the admixture of English words and phrases to Spanish for effective communication. The new generation of American Hispanics want to preserve knowing and using Spanish as equal to learning and using English.